Bathu Ki Ladi temple, also known as the Bathu Temples, is a group of ancient temples in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, India. These temples are situated on a rectangular plateau of rock on the banks of the Beas River, near the village of Bathu. The history of Bathu Ki Ladi temple is closely tied to the ancient history of the region and the rich cultural heritage of Himachal Pradesh.

Origins and Construction

The Bathu Ki Ladi temples are believed to have been built during the 8th century AD by the rulers of the princely state of Kangra. The temples are made of monolithic rock cuttings, a remarkable architectural feat where the entire temple complex is carved out of a single large rock. This style of construction is similar to other rock-cut temples found in India, such as the famous temples of Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu.

Architectural Features

The Bathu Ki Ladi temples are a group of small temples dedicated to various Hindu deities. The main temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, while others are dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Devi Durga. The temples exhibit a mix of architectural styles, blending influences from North Indian and Dravidian architectural traditions.

The main temple of Lord Shiva has a square sanctum with a pyramidal roof. The entrance to the sanctum is adorned with intricate carvings of various deities and mythological figures. Surrounding the main temple are smaller shrines dedicated to other gods and goddesses.

Cultural Significance

These temples hold significant cultural and religious importance for the local people of Himachal Pradesh. They are not just places of worship but also serve as historical landmarks showcasing the architectural skills of ancient builders. The site attracts both pilgrims and tourists interested in the rich history and unique architecture of the region.

Preservation Efforts

Over the years, the Bathu Ki Ladi temples have faced the challenges of weathering and neglect. Efforts have been made by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and local authorities to preserve and protect these ancient structures. Conservation work has included measures to prevent further rock erosion and maintain the intricate carvings.


Due to their historical and architectural significance, the Bathu Ki Ladi temples have become a popular tourist destination in Himachal Pradesh. Visitors can experience the serenity of the location, marvel at the rock-cut architecture, and learn about the cultural heritage of the region.

In summary, the history of Bathu Ki Ladi temple is a tale of ancient craftsmanship and religious devotion, reflecting the rich cultural tapestry of Himachal Pradesh. These rock-cut temples continue to stand as testaments to the skill and artistry of their creators, drawing visitors from far and wide to admire their beauty and historical significance.