Guide to the Popular Volleyball Sport

Volleyball is a dynamic and exciting sport that combines athleticism, strategy, and teamwork. Originating in the late 19th century, volleyball has grown into a globally recognized and celebrated game played by millions of people of all ages. This article delves into the fascinating history of volleyball, the specifications of the ball used in the game, the basic rules, and some interesting facts that might surprise even the most avid fans.

Close-up of a volleyball, highlighting its texture and color pattern.

A Brief History of Volleyball

Volleyball was invented in 1895 by William G. Morgan, a physical education instructor at the YMCA in Holyoke, Massachusetts. Morgan wanted to create a new game that combined elements of basketball, baseball, tennis, and handball, and that could be played indoors by older members of the YMCA. He initially called the game “Mintonette,” but it was later renamed volleyball due to the primary action of volleying the ball back and forth over the net.

The sport quickly gained popularity, spreading throughout the United States and internationally. Volleyball was introduced to the Olympics in 1964, further solidifying its status as a major global sport.

The Volleyball: Specifications and Characteristics

The volleyball used in official matches is spherical and made of leather or synthetic leather. It has a circumference of 65-67 cm (about 25.6-26.4 inches) and weighs between 260-280 grams (about 9.2-9.9 ounces). The ball must be able to withstand the intense impacts of spikes and serves while maintaining its shape and performance.

One interesting aspect of volleyball clipart is that it often depicts the classic white ball, though modern balls come in various color combinations to improve visibility for players and spectators.

Picture of the classic white color volleyball againts the modern orange ones..

Basic Rules and Gameplay

Volleyball is played on a rectangular court divided by a net. The objective is to send the ball over the net and ground it on the opponent’s side while preventing the opponent from doing the same. Here are some of the basic rules:

  1. Teams and Players: Each team consists of six players. The positions include three front-row players and three back-row players.
  2. Scoring: A match is usually played best out of five sets. The first four sets are played to 25 points, and the fifth set, if needed, is played to 15 points. A team must win a set by at least two points.
  3. Serving: The game starts with a serve from behind the end line. The server can use an underhand or overhand technique to send the ball over the net.
  4. Rotations: Players rotate positions clockwise each time their team wins the serve from the opponent.
  5. Hits: A team is allowed up to three consecutive touches to return the ball over the net. Typically, these touches include a bump, set, and spike.
  6. Violations: Common violations include touching the net, stepping over the centerline, and carrying or throwing the ball.

Interesting Facts About Volleyball

  1. Olympic Presence: Volleyball has been an Olympic sport since 1964, and beach volleyball was added to the Olympics in 1996.
  2. Global Popularity: Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in the world, with over 800 million players worldwide.
  3. Longest Game: The longest recorded volleyball game took place in Kingston, North Carolina, in 1984. It lasted for 75 hours and 30 minutes.
  4. High Speeds: The fastest spike on record was executed by Matey Kaziyski from Bulgaria, reaching a speed of 132 km/h (about 82 mph).


Volleyball is not just a sport; it’s a celebration of agility, teamwork, and strategy. From its humble beginnings at a YMCA gymnasium to becoming an Olympic sensation, volleyball continues to capture the hearts of millions around the globe. Whether you’re playing on a beach, in a gym, or watching a thrilling match on TV, volleyball offers something for everyone.

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